4.5 x 6.5 ft. Persian Oriental rug tribal Caucasian Kazak design
We Ship All Around The World
PLEASE CALL US AT:
Brief history of Ardabil rugs
Ardabil rugs originate from Ardabil located in the province of Ardabil Province in northwestern Persia, 639 kilometers from Tehran. Ardabil has a long and illustrious history of Azerbaijani carpet weaving. The reign of the Safavid Dynasty in the 16th and 17th centuries represented the peak of Azerbaijani carpet making in the region. The name Ardabil comes from the Avesta (The sacred book of Zoroastrians) with the word Artavil literally meaning a tall holy place. The weavers in Ardabil ply their craft using Azerbaijani knots. One of the most famous carpets in existence today is a pair of Persian carpets from Ardabil. This carpet, measuring 34' x 17', is hanging on display in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, England.
Ardabil rugs feature motifs that are very similar to Caucasian rugs, but with more motifs and objects woven into the borders. The colors are also lighter. The patterns are predominantly geometric and the most common layouts on Ardabil rugs are medallions, multiple connected diamond-shaped medallions, and all-over octagonal shapes. The most recognized design found on Ardabil rugs is the famous Mahi (Herati) design - a diamond medallion and small fish throughout. Some modern weavers have begun to favor bold geometric patterns over the traditional Mahi (Herati) design and have added colors such as turquoise and purple to the more traditional red, pink, ivory, green, and blue.
The warp on Ardabil rugs is mostly cotton, while the weft is either cotton or wool, although silk is also used as weft on fine Ardabil rugs. The highly skilled weavers may also incorporate silk into the woolen pile in order to accentuate some highlights in the pattern. These fabulous rugs are available in all sizes.
History of Caucasian rugs
Caucasian rugs come from mountains region between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea.
In 1813 it was conquered by Russians before it belonged to Persia.
In the course of time many different people have settled in the caucuses; Turkoman tribe from Central Asia, Turks, Persians and Armenians.
Part of the effect has been the region to many different tribes and tongues.
Yet in spite of this, Caucasian rugs have many features in common, whether they were made north or south of the mountains which divides the region to preserve its traditional patterns and colors.
The Turkish knot (Ghiordes knots) is used everywhere, and the rugs are usually knotted on a foundation of wool rarely of cotton.
The dominate colors in Caucasian rugs are red, blue, yellow green and ivory, some brown is also used.
The patterns have a definite geometrical tendency.
The main features of the design from coherent pattern while the minor pattern has no connection with one another.
Stars, squares and swastikas are from large part of decoration.
It is not unusual to come across flowers, animals or human beings.
These are also geometric in design very angular and hard to identify.
Some Basic Facts about Caucasian Rugs
- All Caucasian rugs are made with the Turkish or Giordes knot
- "Kazak" carpets are not from Kazakstan (which is on the other side of the Caspian Sea) - but are from an area in what is now Armenia.
- The colors of older Caucasian Rugs are mostly made from natural materials found in the respective tribal regions.
- Most older Caucasian rugs are "all wool" - not only the knotted pile, but the warp and weft threads are usually made from hand spun woolen yarn or goat hair However, one can sometimes find older carpets (and more frequently in some newer examples) with cotton warps and wefts
- Warp threads can be made of un-dyed light yarn in one area, and dark or mixed in another. Goat hair is also seen for the warp threads, but never for the pile.
- Weft threads can be different colors: rusty red/brown, blue or white.
- The number and colors of selvages often can be an identifier to the area of origin
Please Note: almost all old and antique rugs are associated with some minor color change (abrash), previous repair, curvy shapes, possible weak materials, missing line on the borders, diverse pattern which in a way add to the beauty of these rugs.