19th Century Caucasian Moghan Kazak Rug
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History of Caucasian rugs
Caucasian rugs come from mountains region between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea.
In 1813 it was conquered by Russians before it belonged to Persia.
In the course of time many different people have settled in the caucuses; Turkoman tribe from Central Asia, Turks, Persians and Armenians.
Part of the effect has been the region to many different tribes and tongues.
Yet in spite of this, Caucasian rugs have many features in common, whether they were made north or south of the mountains which divides the region to preserve its traditional patterns and colors.
The Turkish knot (Ghiordes knots) is used everywhere, and the rugs are usually knotted on a foundation of wool rarely of cotton.
The dominate colors in Caucasian rugs are red, blue, yellow green and ivory, some brown is also used.
The patterns have a definite geometrical tendency.
The main features of the design from coherent pattern while the minor pattern has no connection with one another.
Stars, squares and swastikas are from large part of decoration.
It is not unusual to come across flowers, animals or human beings.
These are also geometric in design very angular and hard to identify.
Some Basic Facts about Caucasian Rugs
All Caucasian rugs are made with the Turkish or Giordes knot
"Kazak" carpets are not from Kazakstan (which is on the other side of the Caspian Sea) - but are from an area in what is now Armenia.
The colors of older Caucasian Rugs are mostly made from natural materials found in the respective tribal regions.
Most older Caucasian rugs are "all wool" - not only the knotted pile, but the warp and weft threads are usually made from hand spun woolen yarn or goat hair However, one can sometimes find older carpets (and more frequently in some newer examples) with cotton warps and wefts
Warp threads can be made of un-dyed light yarn in one area, and dark or mixed in another. Goat hair is also seen for the warp threads, but never for the pile.
Weft threads can be different colors: rusty red/brown, blue or white.
The number and colors of selvages often can be an identifier to the area of origin
Please Note: almost all old and antique rugs are associated with some minor color change (abrash), previous repair, curvy shapes, possible weak materials, missing line on the borders, diverse pattern which in a way add to the beauty of these rugs.